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Who is Durga

Durga Devi & Nine Forms of Goddess Durga

In the massive tapestry of Hindu folklore, there is a fierce and powerful goddess named Durga Devi, whose name makes millions of people feel awe and respect. As the mother of the world and the best protector against evil, she is revered for her strength, courage, and divine grace.

Durga Devi represents strength and bravery with her many arms holding potent weapons and her regal lion as a mount. But behind her famous pictures is a complex web of myths, legends, and symbols ready to be found. Let’s go on a magical journey as we explore the secrets of the Hindu goddess Durga and see the timeless wisdom she holds in her heavenly touch.

Goddess Durga’s Name Meaning

Durga means “a fort” or “a place that is hard to overrun” in Sanskrit, an excellent way to describe how protective and fierce this Goddess is. Goddess Durga Mata is sometimes called Durgatinashini, which means “the one who takes away suffering.”

Legend of Durga Devi

A story says that Brahma, Vishnu, Shiva, and the other gods, unable to defeat the buffalo monster Mahishasura alone, made Durga kill him. She is a product of the male gods and the natural source of their inner power because she embodies their united energy (Shakti). Also, she’s better than all of them. When Durga is fully grown and beautiful, she takes on a fierce, dangerous form. She is often shown riding a lion and having eight or ten arms, each holding a unique weapon from a different god that the gods gave her to use in her fight against the buffalo demon. One of the most important holidays in northeastern India is Durga Puja, which is held annually in her honour.

Nine Forms of Goddess Durga Devi

In Hinduism, the deity gods and goddesses can come to earth as many different gods. This is called “multiple incarnation.” Durga is no different. Kali, Bhagvati, Bhavani, Ambika, Lalita, Gauri, Kandalini, Java, and Rajeswari are just a few forms of Durga.

Skondamata, Kusumanda, Shailaputri, Kaalratri, Brahmacharini, Maha Gauri, Katyayani, Chandraghanta, and Siddhidatri are the nine names or forms that Durga takes when she shows up as herself. Each of these goddesses has its festival in the Hindu calendar, as well as special prayers and songs of praise. Together, they are called the Navadurga.

Appearance of Durga

Maa Durga is shown as a woman fighter with eight hands holding different weapons. Each hand makes a mudra, which is a symbolic hand movement that stands for her lessons. She wears a red gown most of the time. Red is a colour that means action. Most of the time, Durga is shown riding a lion or tiger.

As a tiger stands for unlimited power, the fact that she is riding one shows that she also has limitless power. The lion represents wild animal traits that can’t be managed, like anger, pride, selfishness, greed, jealousy, wanting to hurt others, etc. Her sitting on a lion is a reminder that we need to take charge of these traits so they don’t take over our lives.

Durga Devi’s Weaponry

In her fight against evil, Durga brings many weapons and other valuable things. Each one has a unique value in Hinduism. Here are the most important ones:

  • The conch shell represents the Pranava, the mystic word Om. It means that she is hanging on to God through sound.
  • The bow and arrows symbolize power. Durga shows she is in charge of potential and physical energy by holding them in one hand.
  • The thunderbolt symbolizes being strong in one’s beliefs. Like a real lightning bolt, which can destroy everything it hits, Durga tells Hindus to face challenges with courage.
  • The lotus flower in Durga’s hand, which has yet to be fully opened, stands for success that is certain but not final. The word for the lotus in Sanskrit, Pankaj, means “born of mud.” The flower reminds believers to stay true to their spiritual path even when tempted by the mud of lust and greed in this world.
  • The beautiful discus, or Sudarshan-Chakra, that spins around the Goddess’s index finger shows that the whole world is at her mercy and does what she wants. She always uses this weapon to destroy evil and make a place where justice can grow.
  • The sword that Durga holds in one hand stands for knowledge, which is very sharp, like a sword. The shine of the sword stands for knowledge that is free of all questions.
  • Trishul, the triangle, stands for three qualities: Satwa, which means “inactivity,” Rajas, which means “activity,” and Tamas, which means “nonactivity.” Deva uses these to ease physical, mental, and spiritual pain.

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